Sewage in Our Systems: South Africa Sewage Infiltrates Rivers at 50 000 litres Per Second

Sewage in Our Systems: South Africa Sewage Infiltrates Rivers at 50 000 litres Per Second

The South African reports that “The Mail & Guardian reports that out of the 824 treatment plants, “maybe only 60 release clean water.” The paper says that raw or partially treated sewage flows into rivers throughout the country, including big metros such as Johannesburg to towns like Villiers in the Free State.”

Furthermore, they state the below:

“M&G has visited 36 treatment plans around SA over the last 6 years. One plant in northern Limpopo saw operators using “a handbook with a third of its pages missing” to calculate how much chlorine and lime to add to their treatment process. The ration meant to be done by lab results and sampling, instead, it was being done by “guesswork”.

One employee at the plant even admitted to getting the job because “they knew the plants manager”.

The annual Green Drop Report reportedly backs up M&G’s claims. The paper even went as far as saying that the evidence is so damning “it would enable people to sue the government.” The report from 2013 stated that less than 10% of the country’s 824 plants were releasing clean water.

This means that 50 000 litres of untreated sewage is released every second.”

A rough calculation means that in a 24 hour period – an average of 4 320 000 000.00 litres of this sewage makes it’s way into our water.
“The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) says that 60% of the country’s water bodies hold water that is “so rich in nutrients from sewage that it is green and hyacinths cover the surface. These “green” dams also include Hartbeespoort and Bronkhorstpruit in Gauteng.”

If ever your faith in the country’s municipal water was questioned or wavering, we might be safe in saying that your suspicions have now been confirmed.

This information was sourced from “The South African article” as linked in the article intro. Aquazania is in no way affiliated to any of the parties mentioned.

Can Water Dispensers Be Used to Sterilise Baby Bottles?

Can Water Dispensers Be Used to Sterilise Baby Bottles?

A water purifier for home use has many benefits. However, if you have a baby (or babies) then you’ll find a water purifier machine exceptionally valuable. ‘Why?’ you ask. Because purified water makes sterilisation far, far easier.

Some parents are firm believers in sterilising their children’s bottles, while others don’t see the point. This is, of course, their own prerogative. But, if you subscribe to the pro-sterilisation camp, then water purifiers and dispensers are definitely for you.

Why do parents need a water purifier for home use?

Considering the reasonable water purifier price, having a water purifier machine at home is a great idea in any case. After all, who would willingly drink the country’s questionable tap water when they could drink water that is always crystal clear and crisp?

But, aside from the health benefits for adults and children, purified water is vital for babies. Purified drinking water is very important for babies under 12 months (especially when it comes to mixing powdered formulas), but so is the water which is used to clean and purify their bottles.

How to sterilise baby bottles using purified water

Heat is a great killer of bacteria, so it is possible to sterilise babies’ bottles using only water and heat.

The easiest way to sterilise babies’ bottles is to half fill them with purified water and put them in the microwave for about a minute and a half – alternatively you could just fill the bottle with boiled water from our hot water dispenser and allow it to cool. The fact that the water itself is already purified means that the heat doesn’t have a large amount of bacteria to combat, and is thus more effective.

Alternatively, cool water can be used to purify bottles. This method only needs the assistance of a non-toxic sterilisation solution. It is usually safe to use the bottles after rinsing with the solution, but many parents feel more comfortable rinsing the bottles afterwards.

Water purifier price vs baby equipment steriliser price

The specially-designed baby steriliser might be cheaper in the short-term, but think about the long term benefits of having a water purifier in your home. This can be used for the sterilisation of your baby’s bottles, as well as healthy drinking water for your baby in the vital first year of his or her life. Furthermore, supplying your entire family with healthy and clear water is also extremely important.

When you look at this way, even the fundamental benefits of a water purifier far outweigh any hesitations about what is actually a very reasonable price.

Components of Good Quality Water

Components of Good Quality Water

An excerpt from Quality Drinking helps us understand what water is used for inside our bodies.

“Water works as a lubricant for our joints and it flows throughout our bodies. It fills nearly every space of our body and acts as a protective shock absorber. It also helps to form the structure of protein and glycogen.

Water is the source that carries nutrients to our cells and also helps to transport the waste from those cells out of the body. Clean water is a health benefit for the functioning of the kidneys. Drinking more of the precious yet abundant fluid could lower the risk of developing kidney stones and gallstones.

Our energy levels can also be affected by the amount of water we drink. Being properly hydrated is critical to the proper functioning of our bodies.”

From all this, we can see that drinking the right amount of GOOD QUALITY water is far more beneficial to ourselves than simply keeping headaches and fatigue at bay.

What should we look for in water quality? Or more importantly – what should we avoid at all costs when it comes to the water we drink?

Chemicals in Water

Make sure your water is chemical-free; there is no point (or benefit) in drinking chemical-laden water, as the chemicals may do more harm than the water may do good.

Minerals in Water

Minerals are essential for taste as well as water quality, but too much calcium (for instance) may be less beneficial to those looking to use the water to flush the system of toxins.

pH in Water:

Water pH can be the determining factor in high-quality vs low-quality water. Make sure your pH is in the right range by reading our article on water pH here.

High-quality water is essential to keep us hydrated, healthy and happy. Make sure you’re getting 8 glasses of nothing but the best.

Why not try a cooler today?

Cape Town’s Level 4B Water Restrictions Explained – All You Need to Know

Cape Town’s Level 4B Water Restrictions Explained – All You Need to Know

It all sounds like numbers and letters, designed as a scare tactic to make sure no Capetonians waste water.

Insufficient rainfall and fast declining dam levels have led to the current unprecedented water crisis; Knysna has been the hardest hit, with devastating runaway fires that all but destroyed the popular holiday town.

The City of Cape Town has called on all residents to immediately take the following 3 steps to avoid a completely dry situation:

  • Cut your water use to less than 87 litres, per person, per day – find out how
  • Use municipal drinking water only for essential washing, cooking and drinking purposes, and only use indoors
  • Check and fix all leaks on your property


Further rules for ALL Capetonians include:

  • No hosing down of paved surfaces with municipal drinking water.
  • No irrigation/watering with municipal drinking water allowed.
  • No washing of vehicles and boats with municipal water. (Commercial car washes may apply for exemption.)
  • Private swimming pools may not be topped up or filled with municipal drinking water.
  • Use of portable play pools prohibited.
  • Water features may not use municipal drinking water.


Officials address some residents’ concerns over the health and safety over the limited amount of water that is available – “Don’t worry if your water is cloudy, slightly discoloured, or tastes different during times of water restrictions. Lower dam levels and changes in the water distribution system can lead to these temporary changes. Cape Town’s water quality is monitored continuously and all water supplied to your tap is safe to drink.”


Information Sourced from

Five Jaw Dropping Facts about South Africa’s Water Crisis

Five Jaw Dropping Facts about South Africa’s Water Crisis

Significant downpour throughout the country has been welcomed with open arms by all; whilst Gauteng enjoys full dams, the Western Cape is still in the grips in one f the worst droughts experienced to date – and residents have we’ve been advised that drought-related woes are still an area of concern. If you still believe it’s more of a cover up than a valid concern, read on.


37% of our drinkable water is being lost, needlessly
South Africa is losing the equivalent of 4.3 million swimming pools of water a year because of leaky pipes and theft, The Sunday Times reported. The water loss reportedly cost South Africa around R7.2bn a year.


It is predicted that South Africa’s water demand will outstrip its supply by 2030
The 2030 Water Resources Group, of which the Water Affairs department is a member, has calculated that, by 2030, the demand for water will exceed supply by 17%.


Water Shedding is a Reality
This measure was introduced in late 2016 – before we saw any of the recent rainfall. South Africans would now need to learn to adapt to having limited supplies of water throughout the day, until the minimum saving of 15% per metropolitan was achieved. Ekurhuleni was off the target badly – having only saved close on 5% in the first month of implementation. We are no seeing reduced water pressure and a complete shut-off of water between (usually) 9pm-5am on a rotational basis between area’s.


Prices of basic food items are inflating

We have seen a close on 20% rise in the price of maize between May 2016 to where we are now; 

“Researchers working on the SPII Basic Needs Basket Project, which monitors the prices or cost of 39 goods and services each month countrywide, have found that the price of maize meal has shot up by 37% in urban areas in the Free State, 34% in North West and 29% in Gauteng. In rural areas, prices increased by 39% in the Free State and 25% in Gauteng.

The price of samp, SPII researchers found, increased by 41% and 38% in the Free State and North West’s urban areas, respectively.”


“A report released by the UN’s food and nutrition working group last month found this drought – the country’s worst since 1992 – had caused a decline in maize production that had already led to an increase in food prices of 6.4%.

“South Africa’s first maize production forecast estimates the 2015 harvest to be the worst in eight years,” it found.

The Crop Estimates Committee predicts this season’s harvest will be 9.84 million metric tons, the smallest since 2007.”


Less local equates to more imports which again equates to far, far higher prices.


The Worst Drought in over two decades

In May 2014, it was predicted that 2014 was set to be the biggest harvest since 1981. It was predicted that 13.5 million tons of maize would be harvested by end of the season. Well, 10 months later and the worst drought since 1992 we end up in a situation where we have to import maize due to the volatile climate we are experiencing now


The effects are far-reaching, disastrous and frightening.


Ready to shorten that shower and not fill the pool?


Source credit:

Hot vs Cold: Benefits of Drinking Hot Water vs Cold Water

Hot vs Cold: Benefits of Drinking Hot Water vs Cold Water

Have you seen – or are you perhaps one of the people I’ve personally seen ordering a cup of hot water with a slice of lemon in?

Does the thought of ice cold water make your teeth ache, or inversely, the thought of warm water to drink make your stomach churn?

Whichever of the two schools of thought you fall into, here are some undeniable benefits of both types!

Benefits of drinking Warm Water

  • Improves digestion – According to Ayurveda and ancient Chinese medicine, you should drink a glass of warm water early in the morning. This is because it activates your digestive system, which helps avoid indigestion. It also helps stimulate blood flow to the intestine and helps prevent constipation.
  • Detoxifies your body – Did you know that warm water helps your body get rid of harmful toxins? It not only reduces pitta in your body, but also prevents acne and other skin problems. To further enhance its effect, squeeze half a slice of lemon in the water and drink it every day.
  • Relieves nasal congestion Not many people are aware of the fact that warm water is good for people suffering from nasal and throat congestion. It acts as a natural expectorant by aiding in the expulsion of phlegm from the respiratory tract.
  • Combats pain As warm water increases blood flow to the tissues, it can act as an excellent natural aid to provide relief from pain. Hence, if you are experiencing frequent joint pain or menstrual cramps, start drinking warm water.

Benefits of drinking Cold Water

  • Excellent post-workout drink It is a known fact that during exercises, your body temperature increases. To lower your body temperature post workout, it is recommended to drink cold water. Read about the best foods to eat before and after workout.
  • Combats heat stroke drinking cold water during summers is good for your health. Cold water gets absorbed quickly by the body as compared to warm or hot water. When you are back home from the scorching heat or if you experience a heat stroke, drink a glass of cold water.
  • Aids in weight loss – The key principle behind losing weight is to boost your metabolism that in turn burns more calories. According to Dr Neha, drinking cold water and even cold water baths boosts your metabolism.

Cold water vs. Warm water – which is good for your health?

Traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda do not recommend drinking cold water because of the belief that cold water causes contraction of muscles. On the other hand, drinking warm water increases blood circulation along with protecting internal organs from damage. This is why most health professionals recommend drinking warm water for optimal health. However, on a hot day, you can drink cold water as it cools your body temperature quickly. Here are few more health benefits of drinking warm water.

When should you not drink warm water or cold water?

As there are exceptions to every rule, here is what you need to bear in mind:

Cold Water

Dr Neha says, ‘Never drink cold water while eating food. When you drink cold water immediately after meals or along with a meal, your body spends a lot of energy in increasing its temperature. This slows the digestion process, which may cause indigestion.’

Warm Water

‘Avoid drinking warm water after a bout of exercise. As your body temperature is already high post workout, drinking cold water will lower the temperature of your body.’ explains Dr Neha.

Information sourced from

How Important Is Water When Taking Medication?

How Important Is Water When Taking Medication?

Are you guilty of glugging your morning medicines with your first cup of coffee, and merrily going about your day thereafter drinking little to no water?

Or even worse, do you pop your medicine with your after-work glass of wine?

Do you also notice how sluggish you feel after that, maybe even experiencing headaches and other nasty side effects?

It all comes down to how much water you’re drinking when you take different types of medications.

Every dispensed medicine must come with guidelines and recommended dosage guidelines; some say to take them before eating, other after eating, and some even only at night – but I promise that each and every type of medicine comes with explicit instruction to “take with water” – and for good reason!

Not drinking enough water with some medications can prevent them from working properly and can cause throat irritation, diarrhoea and even heartburn – and these are the least of your worries.

Many medications are exceptionally taxing on your liver and kidneys – two vital organs that come under strain far too regularly in our modern times. Adding to daily toxins we need to process, by consuming medications, is going to take it’s toll on these organs. By simply drinking enough water, you provide your body with the essential medium it needs to flush out said toxins and allow for normal and healthy functioning of essential organs.

Drinking 8 glasses of 250ml size, without any flavourants or cordials will give you the hydration you need to safely continue taking medication.