How To Tell If You Are Dehydrated

How To Tell If You Are Dehydrated

With the December holidays fast approaching, keeping well-hydrated usually takes the back seat in terms of priority; we’re out shopping, eating good food and relaxing by the pool. Becoming dehydrated is unbelievably easy, and can cause serious health issues if not treated in time and properly.

Here are some tips to tell if you or a loved one is dehydrated, and how to quickly remedy it:

Causes of Dehydration

  • Vigorous exercise: Intense exercise leads to fluid loss through sweat. If fluids are not replaced by drinking water, you can become dehydrated.
  • Exposure to heat: Heat can cause you to lose fluid through sweat. You may become dehydrated if you don’t drink extra water when it’s very hot outside.
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea: Vomiting and diarrhoea both cause significant fluid loss that can lead to dehydration.
  • Nausea: Many people don’t feel like eating or drinking when they are nauseated. It’s important to continue drinking water so you don’t become dehydrated.
  • Burns or skin infections: Water can be lost through severe burns and skin infections.
  • Diabetes: When blood sugar levels are high, the body increases urine production to eliminate sugar from the body. This can lead to dehydration if this loss is not matched with an increase in water consumption.
  • Fever: A fever may contribute to fluid loss through sweating.

Symptoms of Dehydration

  1. Thirst

Thirst is a craving for fluid that serves as an automatic reminder to drink water – it is often the body’s first indicator that it needs more water.

For most people, drinking when they’re thirsty is an effective method for staying hydrated.

However, there are some situations in which thirst might not be a reliable indicator of hydration status.

For example, older people may need to consciously manage their fluid intake, as your sense of thirst tends to decline with age.

In addition, you may need to drink beyond simply satisfying your thirst if you are sweating profusely. For example, intense exercise and exposure to high temperatures can cause you to lose a large amount of water through sweat.


  1. Changes in the Color or Amount of Your Urine

Your urine can tell you a lot about your hydration status, since it accounts for the majority of the fluid that leaves your body.

Thus, controlling the amount and composition of urine is one way in which the body is able to maintain proper fluid balance.

Urine, which is produced by the kidneys, consists of both water and waste products that your body needs to eliminate.

If you are dehydrated, the kidneys conserve water by concentrating urine. This allows waste to be eliminated while retaining water for important biological functions.


On the other hand, cloudy, dark yellow urine is a sign of dehydration. A honey-yellow colour may indicate mild dehydration, while a deep, amber-yellow colour with a strong odour can signal severe dehydration.

Keep in mind that certain foods, medications and medical conditions can also influence the colour and amount of urine. If your urine is consistently a colour other than pale yellow, you should consult your doctor.


  1. Fatigue or Sleepiness

Fatigue or tiredness can have many different causes, but dehydration can be one of them.

Many studies have shown that dehydration causes fatigue and decreases endurance during exercise.

For this reason, drinking an adequate amount of water is particularly important during exercise.

However, you don’t have to be exercising to experience dehydration-related fatigue.

In a study of young, healthy women, water restriction for 24 hours caused sleepiness, confusion, fatigue and decreased alertness.

All of these symptoms improved when the women were allowed to freely drink water at the conclusion of the 24-hour period.

This amount of fluid loss can easily occur during normal daily activities if you’re not drinking an adequate amount of fluid throughout the day.


  1. Headaches

Dehydration may trigger headaches or migraines in some people.

One study found that a fluid loss of 1.4 percent of body weight caused headaches and moodiness in healthy women.

Fortunately, evidence shows that headaches caused by dehydration can be relieved by drinking water.

Keep in mind that there are many different types of headaches and they are not all caused by a lack of hydration.


  1. Changes in Skin Elasticity

Dehydration can cause changes to the appearance and texture of your skin.

Your skin is made up of approximately 30 percent water, which is responsible for its fullness and elasticity.

Healthy, well-hydrated skin will return to its normal shape after being pulled and stretched. This elastic nature of skin is known as skin turgor.

On the other hand, when the body is dehydrated, fluid is pulled away from the skin and diverted to major organs to keep them functioning properly. This shift of fluid away from the skin causes it to lose its elasticity.

To test the elasticity of your skin, pinch your skin between your thumb and your forefinger.

If you are well hydrated, your skin should snap back immediately after being released. If it takes a half a second or more for your skin to return to its shape, you may be dehydrated (5, 19, 20).

In addition, a lack of fluid in the skin can cause dryness and make skin feel cool and clammy to the touch.


Remedies for Dehydration

Adults and children age 12 and older

Stop your activity and rest.

Get out of direct sunlight and lie down in a cool spot, such as in the shade or an air-conditioned area.

Prop up your feet.

Take off any extra clothes.

Drink a rehydration drink, water, juice, or sports drink to replace fluids and minerals. Drink 2 qt (2 L) of cool liquids over the next 2 to 4 hours. You should drink at least 10 glasses of liquid a day to replace lost fluids.


New-borns and babies younger than 1 year of age 

Don’t wait until you see signs of dehydration in your baby. These signs include your baby being thirstier than usual and having less urine than usual.

If you breastfeed your baby, nurse him or her more often. Offer each breast to your baby for 1 to 2 minutes every 10 minutes.

If you use a bottle to feed your baby, increase the number of feedings to make up for lost fluids. The amount of extra fluid your baby needs depends on your baby’s age and size. For example, a new-born may need as little as 30 mL at each extra feeding, while a 12-month-old baby may need as much as 90 mL at each extra feeding.

Ask your doctor if you need to use an oral rehydration solution (ORS) if your baby still isn’t getting enough fluids from formula or the breast. The amount of ORS your baby needs depends on your baby’s age and size. You can give the ORS in a dropper, spoon, or bottle.

If your baby has started eating cereal, you may replace lost fluids with cereal. You also may feed your baby strained bananas and mashed potatoes if your child has had these foods before.



h/t to ecowatch for this info!

How Much Water Does Our Food Drink?

How Much Water Does Our Food Drink?

Yes, you did read that correctly 🙂 Sometimes we only consider the amount of water we add to our food during the cooking process when we try to determine how much water it uses.

But what about the growing of crops, the feeding and water of animals, irrigation, the water taken to grow the food that then feeds the animals we consumer.

It all adds up.

Thanks to the March/ April edition of popular Science, we have a breakdown of 5 items and how much their production and lifespan costs us in water:

How Much Water Does Broccoli Take To Produce?

10 litres.

Considering the vegetable contains essentially zero calories, the health (and environmental) benefits are phenomenal. Two regular sized buckets of water is all it takes to grow a head of broccoli – which yields approximately 1-2kg of the vegetable. A high return on water investment in this food right here!


How Much Water Does A Chicken Take To Raise?

180 litres.

We must factor in that chickens require regular, day-to-day drinking water to survive; their feed also requires a certain amount of water to be grown. The average chicken is reared in 5 weeks, so the water consumption level might seem high – but is actually quite low in comparison to his next favourite farm animal…


How Much Water Does A Chicken Take To Raise?

1000 litres.

Yes, the cow is probably twenty rimes the size and weight of a chicken, so it makes sense that the water consumption of the cow will be more than five times as high. Cattle drink about 30 litres fo water each day, and can consume up to 9kg of hey a day. Whoa.


How Much Water Does Wheat Flour Take To Produce? 

55 litres.

This may be the most eco-friendly grower in terms of water consumption. This crop usually grows in the cooler months, and thus is not necessarily dependant on water during the sweltering Summer months. The root system is partly to thank for the water efficiency, so in perfect conditions the crop may not even require dedicated irrigation.


How Much Water Do Apples Take To Produce?  

170 litres.

It’s a bit scary to think that an apple requires only 10 litres less to produce than a chicken takes to reach maturity, but that is due to the nature of the apple tree. It is a picky grower, and sometimes requires copious amounts of water, and other times, suffers when it is over-irrigated.


It might be safe to say that our water footprint is something we need to start considering.

Can Bottled Water Be Frozen?

Can Bottled Water Be Frozen

There has been much buzz about the chemicals in plastic water bottles. You may have heard that freezing a disposable water bottle can be bad for you.

If you’re worried about chemicals like dioxins seeping out of the plastic and corrupting your water, have NO fear. This is just an urban legend, a bad rumor, and not at all true.

Actually, freezing your water bottle will work against the releasing of chemicals, which do not diffuse very well in cold temperatures, like in your freezer.

Another fact to set your mind at ease: Most plastic water bottles, and microwave containers do NOT contain the chemicals that form dioxins. Also, in order to form dioxins, those chemicals need to be at extremely high temperatures (above 700 degrees).

The FDA in America has said “With regard to dioxins, we have seen no evidence that plastic containers or films contain dioxins and know of no reason why they would.”

So freeze your bottles as much as you want. The only thing I’d worry about is using that disposable water bottle over and over again – there’s no way to clean it or get rid of bacteria. Also, it’s not a good idea to freeze carbonated water. The pressure build-up may cause an explosion – and nobody has time for that!

h/t to for the info!


Cover Image Credit: ThoughtCo

Is Bottled Water Good for Babies?

Is Bottled Water Good for Babies?

If you are searching for a type of water to use in order to mix your baby’s formula, or simply wondering what kind of water you can give your baby to drink, you may wonder which types of bottled water are best for him. It is best to follow the advice of your baby’s doctor when it comes to the type and amount of water that your baby needs, but in general, it’s best to choose bottled water with low amounts of fluoride.

Enamel Fluorosis

Many water sources contain fluoride, including some types of bottled water. Your baby will also be exposed to fluoride from food and some types of toothpaste. Too much exposure to fluoride can result in enamel fluorisis, which begins when your baby’s teeth are still forming in her gums and can result in white spots on her teeth. Bottled water labels may not indicate the water’s fluoride concentration, so it is best to contact the bottler to make sure your baby is not getting too much fluoride.

Safe Bottled Water

Although it’s best to ask your baby’s doctor about which type of water is best for him to drink, bottled water labels that use the terms purified, demineralized, deionized, distilled, or prepared using reverse osmosis often indicate that the water is low in fluoride. If your baby is sick, his doctor may recommend that you boil the water for one minute and allow it to cool before use.

Time Frame

The BabyCenter website notes that your baby only needs to drink breast milk or formula for the first six months of life. If he is given water too early, he may experience water intoxication because his kidneys are unable to handle the water overload. When he is six months old, he can have small amounts of plain water as long as the water does not replace his intake of breast milk or formula.


Bottled Water to Avoid

Avoid giving your baby bottled mineral water. The sodium in mineral water can be too hard on your baby’s digestive system. You should also avoid giving her carbonated water, which can cause stomach problems and gas pains.


In summary, babies should not be drinking water alone; it should form part of their formula – so choosing the right water for the formula is essential.

Aquazania produces the finest PURIFIED water with zero fluoride content. Keen to try a cooler? Get in touch with us today!

h/t to for the great info!


Cover Image Credit: Breastfeeding Basics

Why Does Bottled Water Taste Better?

Why Does Bottled Water Taste Better?

It’s all due to minerals and other compounds that the water picks up on its journey. For comparison, water that’s been distilled to remove anything dissolved in it—the water you use in your steam iron—tastes “totally boring, like nothing, dry in your mouth,” . But, as it flows through the ground, through rivers and pipes and so forth, water naturally picks up a variety of soluble ingredients that subtly contribute to its flavour.

Water’s flavour depends on where the water comes from. If you get water from a well, it might have a slightly mineral or chalky taste because it’s passed through layers of limestone deep underground.

Water near the beach often has a slight scent of sulphur because of sulphur-producing microbes in groundwater. The stuff purified from some rivers or lakes can have an earthy, organic taste to it that results from leftover bits of decomposing plant matter. Water bottled from mountain springs, like that from wells, can be packed with minerals that alter its flavour. Calcium makes water taste milky and smooth, magnesium can be bitter, and sodium makes it taste salty.

A highly metallic taste to the water can mean that there are high levels of iron in the water, often leached from old pipes. While that isn’t harmful itself, lots of iron can sometimes indicate the presence of another toxic metal: lead. A medicinal taste is also something to be wary of; sometimes, disinfecting agents react with compounds already in the water to create disinfection byproducts (DBPs). There might not be much in the water, but even a little can greatly affect the water’s taste. Because scientists can’t identify most of these DBPs there’s no telling exactly which DBPs are in medicinal-tasting water, or what their long-term health effects might be.

Water that has an excess of dissolved calcium and magnesium is known as hard water, and its chemistry presents some unique problems for cooks. When it’s used for cooking vegetables or fruits, the minerals can tighten up the plants’ natural pectin, giving rise to phenomena like beans failing to soften no matter how long they’re soaked and boiled. Adding table salt to the water can minimize that toughening. Water that’s too soft, on the other hand, is a headache for bakers, since a certain amount of calcium is needed to help gluten molecules in dough link up.

Other conditions can affect how water tastes as well. In the summertime, more plant matter falls into rivers, giving water more of that earthy taste; seasonal algal blooms can release a stinky (but non-toxic) chemical called geosmin into water that treatment can’t get out. Water that’s drunk too cold will lack most of its flavour. Filters might remove some less desirable flavour elements from water, but they also take out the good parts that make water flavourful and distinctive.


h./t to for the great article!

How Did Bottled Water Start?

How Did Bottled Water Start?


Water is first bottled for sale in the United Kingdom’s Holy Well bottling plant. The practice grows popular with the bottling of mineral spring water across Europe and the U.S. in the 1700s, since the natural springs are believed to have healing and therapeutic effects. For this reason, bottled water is often sold as a medicinal remedy in pharmacies until the 1900s.


In an effort to mimic the fizziness of mineral water, Johann Jacob Schweppe manufactures carbonated water in Geneva, Switzerland, founding the eponymous Schweppes Company.


Carbonated water starts its boom in the U.S. after Joseph Hawkins receives a patent to produce “imitation mineral water.” Soon after, production booms, thanks to advances in bottling speed and decreases in glass costs. This, coupled with the public’s fear of cholera and typhoid, leads to millions of bottles being sold annually in the U.S. by the mid-1800s.


An English doctor ends the waterborne typhoid epidemic with chlorination, which uses chlorine to kill dangerous bacteria. The process is soon introduced in other countries as well. The demand for purified bottled water wanes.


Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles are patented. They are the first plastic bottles that can contain the pressure of carbonation, thus creating a much cheaper alternative to bottling than was possible with glass.

1977 to 1981

Perrier positions itself as “Earth’s First Soft Drink” with a series of print and television ads, benchmarking the moment when bottled water begins its commercial dominance (although the initial boom is just for sparkling mineral water — not flat water).

Early 2000s

The tap vs. bottled war is fully engaged, with beverage companies playing to consumers’ fears of illness and contamination from tap sources. One major player in the assault on tap water is Brita filters, with ads that say “Tap and toilet water come from the same source. Don’t you deserve better?”

h/t to for the info!

Keen to try premium, purified and downright delicious water?

Cover Image credit: Haute Water


Could One Small Innovation Help Cape Town in the Midst of their Water Crisis?

Could One Small Innovation Help Cape Town in the Midst of their Water Crisis?

While the water crisis in Cape Town is fast approaching a pinnacle point, especially with an expected influx of Holiday Makers in the next month or so – the outlook for Capetonian’s is bleak.

Timeslive reported on an amazing development that could come to the rescue in terms of securing the last bit of this fast dwindling resource.

From TimesLIVE

“Big corporates have stepped in to help schools in the drought-stricken Western Cape save 1-million litres of water a day.

In August TimesLIVE reported about a smart meter developed by academics at Stellenbosch University.

The meter transmits consumption information to an App and notifications about unexpected events‚ such as a burst pipe‚ are sent to the school via SMS and email. “Smart water metering not only aids behaviour change due to increased awareness about water consumption‚ it also assists with the prevention of water losses due to leads that would otherwise have gone unnoticed‚” ‘ said Professor Thinus Booysen from the university.

The devices were developed in conjunction with Bridgiot‚ a local start-up company.

Hector Peterson Secondary School in Wallacedene – which has more than 1‚200 pupils – participated in the pilot programme which saw them save 40kL of water a day. This translated to a R52‚000 saving per month.

“We are a non-fee paying school so any savings that can be realised are redirected to other projects‚ for example we have just introduced e-learning so now we can buy more computers and open up more access for the learners‚” said principal Mike Mavovana.

Three other schools participated in the pilot project and here water savings were also noted.

As a result the Shoprite Group will be sponsoring 100 of the highest water-using schools in Cape Town with a device. And CapeTalk radio has also pledged its support for the initiative.

In September Cape Town mayor Patricia de Lille called on corporates to promote water-saving habits.”


What do you think of this innovation?


This article was originally published on TimesLIVE.

Does Rinsing Vegetables with Water Really Clean Them?

Does Rinsing Vegetables with Water Really Clean Them?

We’ve all but been conditioned that before preparing any vegetable, or eating any fruit, we need to rinse our fresh produce with water to remove pesticides from them. But does it really work?

Popular Science published this great article detailing how best to remove pesticides from our fresh produce.


Does Water Clean Fresh Produce?

Baking soda works.

Water can remove some of the pesticides from a piece of fruit, so a basic scrub under the tap will help at least a little. The extent to which this rather lackadaisical method works will depends on the fruit itself; some skins will more readily release the pesticides contained therein. Others, like apples treated with wax for extra shine, will retain them despite your scrubbing. But water’s occasional ineffectiveness doesn’t mean you should waste money on store-bought veggie washes—they don’t seem to work, either. And even if it worked (which it’s not clear that it does), regular soap is liable to seep into the surface.

A recent study in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry found one better alternative: baking soda. A solution of sodium bicarbonate and water can remove even more pesticides than water alone, provided you have more than a minute to spare. In the experiments, Gala apples that were allowed to soak in baking soda for eight minutes had significantly reduced pesticide residue on the surface, and at 12-15 minutes there were virtually no pesticides left. This is because sodium bicarbonate can help degrade the two types of pesticides used in this study, thiabendazole and phosmet. Other chemicals might not react the same way, so this solution isn’t a guarantee of a pesticide-free snack. It’s just a lot better than the alternatives.

Even after the long soak time, though, there were some pesticides that the baking soda couldn’t get to. Thiabendazole and phosmet, like many other substances, seep into the skin and flesh of the produce they’re applied to. There’s an upper limit to the amount that the fruit can absorb, since the added chemicals will come to equilibrium inside the cells, but none of it will come out in the wash.

Buying organic can help, though not much

If you’re hoping to avoid pesticides altogether, you’ll have to look beyond the organic aisle. Produce grown under organic conditions can still have pesticides, it’s just a different—and supposedly less toxic—set of them. But they’re still chemicals that can seep into your fruit through the skin or even leech into the flesh itself via the plant’s water supply, both of which prevent you from washing them away.


There you have it; water helps remove a percent of pesticides – obviously not all- so if you want a healthy way to genuinely clean your fresh produce – use water and baking soda!


Cover Image Credit: Food NDTV

Is it Better to Drink Your Water Cool or Luke-Warm?

Is it Better to Drink Your Water Cool or Luke-Warm?

Have you ever wondered whether there is any difference in the health benefits of drinking cool or warm water? Sure, people prefer ice-cold water, but is it just preference or are there any obvious benefits of drinking colder water?

Water is good for you – no matter what the temperature. That being said, there are a few benefits in the case of both cooler and warmer water.

One real benefit of drinking warm water is if you have sensitive teeth. In this case, the warmer temperature will make the water less harsh on your teeth.

Room temperature water is also recommended for earlier in the morning, so as to not ‘shock’ your digestive system, as well as to get those vocal chords going.

However, since the temperatures in Africa get pretty high, colder water is beneficial as it lowers your core temperature. This is particularly important if you’re exercising or playing sports, which is why aqua water cooler rental is particularly popular in gyms or athletics clubs. (That being said, with the Aqua water cooler price being as reasonable as it is, the Aqua cooler water dispenser is hot property in offices, too.)

In addition, it has been scientifically proven that the body absorbs colder water easier. This is useful to know in order to avoid dehydration.

With even winter temperatures getting well into the twenties, overheating and dehydration are important issues. This is precisely why you need an Aqua cooler at your home, gym, or athletics club.

So, if you own a business or health club, or if you just want clean and cool drinking water in your home, now is the perfect time to take advantage of our incredibly convenient Aquacooler water dispenser.
Cover Image Credit: Zidbits 

Can You Leave Bottled Water in the Sun?

Can You Leave Bottled Water in the Sun?

There are those that fear certain types of bottled water because of one popular belief; that the plastic that is used to contain water in bottles, or even a bottled water dispenser, can leach harmful chemicals into the water, making it worse than tap water.

So, are there any bottled water facts that either support or disprove this belief? Well, you might be surprised to learn that there are facts that actually make a case for both.

Bottled Water vs Tap Water

It is true that certain types of bottled water shouldn’t be left in the sun for long periods. This is because certain elements of the plastic used to create the bottles most commonly used for bottling water can release two harmful chemicals if exposed to heat; these being antimol and bisphenol A – commonly known as BPA.

These are basically the Brothers Grimm of the chemical world. Just like the way those authors would lure you in with what you think is a fairy tale and then disturb you to the point of making your insides hurt, these chemicals sneak their way into your body and do bad things to you.

Bisphenol A – the dreaded BPA – has the ability to cause heart issues, alter your hormone levels, or even cause cancer. Anitimony, on the other hand, can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain, and stomach ulcers, and has even been linked to retinal bleeding and spontaneous abortions.

As bottled water suppliers, we’ll be the first to tell you that no drink of water is worth all that. But that is precisely why you should drink exclusively from an Aquazania bottled water dispenser – or our Junior bottled water.

Not only do we manufacture our water bottles on site (which helps us maintain our high manufacturing standards), we don’t use harmful plastic in our manufacturing process. We use Polyethylene Terephthalate  – commonly known as PET, which is non-toxic and far easier to recycle.

If we sound confident about the safety of our bottles, it’s because we are. We’ve subjected our bottles to prolonged heat in tests and found not a trace of BPA. So, if there was ever any dispute, our bottled water is still the title holder.


Keen to try us out? Click here to get in touch today!


Cover Image Credit: Body + Soul