How to Make My Water Cooler Colder

How to Make My Water Cooler Colder

A water cooler is an appliance that dispenses water for drinking and kitchen use after cooling it. The principal advantages of a water cooler include multiple servings of water with a fresh taste. The bottleless variety of water coolers are connected to the main drinking water supply, whereas the freestanding bottled water coolers have steel reservoirs attached to bottles of varied dimensions.

If you notice that your water cooler does not dispense ice-cold water, there are steps you can take to make your water cooler colder:


Tips for Colder Water From Watercoolers

  • Keep the cold power button on at all times. This will ensure an unremitting supply of colder water. Turning the button off every now and then increases the burden of the cooling compressor to lower the temperature of the water in the reservoir; this lowers the machine’s efficiency. You can also set the number shown by the temperature controller at the back of the processor higher to make the cooler give out water colder than the factory-set temperature.
  • Keep a distance of about 6 inches between the wall and the cooler’s rear side. The water cooler tends to serve warmer water if kept very close to the wall.
  • Place the cooler in a well-ventilated spot. Avoid keeping your water cooler near a stove or exposed to sunshine near a window to protect it from high temperatures.
  • For point-of-use (bottleless) water coolers, ensure that the pipe work that connects the cooler to the main water supply does not run along warmer areas of the house.
  • Have your water cooler checked and possibly serviced by your water cooler vendor or a refrigerator and air-conditioning service person to ensure that your cooler has sufficient refrigerant. Your water cooler may not provide very cold water if it has an insufficient supply of refrigerant.
  • Clean the condenser wire, on the back of the cooler, every three months. Use a vacuum cleaner for this purpose. A dusty and dirty condenser wire may be the culprit.
  • Cover the water bottle with an inexpensive water bottle cover or hood. This will protect the water from heat from the sunlight or from fluorescent or incandescent light bulbs that you use to light your home.
  • Turn the hot water button off. When your water cooler has to make hot water, the heat from the hot water will not allow your cold water to be its coolest. Maybe don’t do this in Winter, because people without coffee are not necessarily nice people all the time!


What other tips do you have for making your cold water colder, and hot water hotter?


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What Disease Can You Get From Drinking Contaminated Water?

What Disease Can You Get From Drinking Contaminated Water?

Currently, the majority of the world’s groundwater supply is overused. Furthermore, we have polluted surface water to contend with, especially in under developed areas. These problems give rise to numerous waterborne diseases which, if not treated properly and on-time, can prove to be fatal. One of the proven methods is to invest in a high-quality water purifier. It will help defend you and your family against harmful waterborne diseases.

Even if you never plan to travel to a developing country, this water contamination diseases list can provide you with more helpful information than you might realize. There’s always a chance you could come into contact with these illnesses even in your own home or as close as the swimming hole down the street. Knowing the signs of these water contamination diseases can make a huge difference when it comes to timely treatment.

What Waterborne Diseases Can I Get if I Ingest Contaminated Water?

  • Dysentery

Dysentery is a combination of nausea, abdominal cramps coupled with severe diarrhoea. In cases of acute dysentery, one may also experience a high fever and traces of blood in the faecal matter. There are two types of dysentery—Bacillary dysentery, caused by bacteria and Amoebic dysentery caused by amoebae. When either of these is ingested through contaminated water or food, one will develop dysentery within a gestation period of four days.

  • Arsenicosis

Arsenic is a poisonous substance often released as wastewater by industrial units situated on the banks of rivers. Arsenicosis or Arsenic Poisoning is caused due to chronic exposure to small amounts of arsenic through drinking water. This disease is characterised by painful skin lesions (keratosis), which can progress to cancer. It can also affect your lungs, kidneys, and bladder.

  • Trachoma (Eye Infection)

This infection is caused by bacterium Chlamydia Trachomatis that’s found in contaminated water. Trachoma results in a coarsening of the inner surface of the eyelids. This leads to pain in the eyes, lesion on the outer surface or cornea, and eventual blindness. Trachoma spreads because of poor sanitation and hygiene conditions.

  • Typhoid fever

Across the world annually, around 12 million people are affected by Typhoid fever. This infection is caused by Salmonella Typhi bacteria. This disease is contracted by consuming contaminated food or water. The bacteria pass through the intestinal tract and can be identified in stool samples. Its symptoms include nausea, loss of appetite, and headache.

  • Schistosomiasis

This disease is caused by worms that are spread by freshwater snails living in polluted water. It’s very common in rural areas where people use local water bodies for bathing and recreational purposes. The worms in the water penetrate into one’s skin while in contact with the contaminated water, causing infections in the liver, lungs, intestines, and bladder.

  • Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by the bacterium Vibrio Cholerae. This disease can kill within hours if not treated on time. Symptoms of cholera include diarrhoea and vomiting, as well as abdominal cramps and headache. According to the WHO, every year, there are 21,000 to 143,000 deaths worldwide due to this infection.

  • Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is one of the most common diseases caused by water pollution. It is most often caused by water-borne viruses. But bacteria and parasites from water contaminated with faeces are also common causes. It results in passage of loose, watery stools that can cause dehydration and death to young children and infants.

  • Malaria

Water pollution has resulted in increased breeding of parasite-carrying mosquitoes. Malaria is a disease caused by parasites, which are spread by female mosquitoes called Anopheles. When mosquitoes bite a person infected with malaria, they can spread the infection to other people. This disease causes high fever, headache, and shivering. In severe cases, it can even lead to complications like severe anaemia, coma, and death.

  • Lead poisoning

Lead poisoning is caused due to consumption of water contaminated with lead, often coming from old pipes as well as surface water pollution. This disease is particularly harmful to children and can cause a number of health problems, including organ damage, nervous system disorders, anaemia, high blood pressure, kidney disease and problems with the reproductive system.

Prevention is better than cure! Here’s how you can steer clear from these diseases

People of all ages can be prone to the diseases mentioned above. However, you can keep these diseases at bay by practising proper hygiene. The simplest of all prevention measures is to consume pure drinking water. Safeguard your home. Dangerous diseases like lead and arsenic poisoning can be prevented by changing your water pipes or treating your domestic water tank regularly.


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Pure Water vs Purified Water – Know the Difference

Pure Water vs Purified Water – Know the Difference

“Pure water” is a term commonly used by all of us in everyday parlance. But it is only meaningful in context, that is, relative to some standard that defines its suitability with respect to a particular end use.  The end use might be getting your clothes clean in the laundry or making better coffee. Or increasing the energy efficiency and life of your hot water heater.

“Pure water” suitable for clothes washing might be defined as having less than 1 grain per gallon of calcium and magnesium hardness.  In fact, the term “hard water” was originally coined meaning water that was “hard” to wash in.  “Pure water” for drinking (or making coffee) might be defined as at least meeting or exceeding the EPA’s drinking water standards.

But in all of the above cases, the water could never be called “pure” in the technical sense, when defined as water that contains abolutely nothing else but H2O. In fact, water that meets the 18.1 mega-ohm standard for ultrapure water in the semiconductor manufacturing industry is generally considered the purest we can get water in real life.

This water is so pure (but not absolutely pure) that it would be corrosive to most plumbing systems or containers we could put it in, and must be continuously recirculated through point of use treatment immediately prior to its use for rinsing computer chips, because it just won’t stay this pure sitting in a container–the water will try to dissolve the container, or absorb gasses from the atmosphere.  This degree of purity is sufficient to prevent it from conducting electricity, and hence its utility in rinsing microchips with electric circuits made literally at the molecular level.

Well, you might say “if my water at home was this pure, at least I wouldn’t have to worry about accidentally dropping the hair dryer into the bathtub and electrocuting myself!” On a more serious note though, this water would not be good for the health of most plumbing systems because it would corrode them, and is not considered suitable for drinking, even though it is very “pure.”

The truth is that absolutely pure water doesn’t exist, either in nature, and even when treated with the most advanced technology available to us.

What Does Pure Water Taste Like?

“When you taste something, you’re comparing the taste of that water to the saliva in your mouth,” says Gary Burlingame, who supervises water quality for the Philadelphia Water Department. “The saliva in your mouth is salty.”

Salty saliva bathes your tongue, drenching every one of your thousands of taste buds. It protects you from nasty bacteria, moistens your food, helps you pronounce the word “stalactite” and even lets you know when you might be drinking something bad for you. Like water.

Pure water, that is.

Stripping water down to an ultrapure state makes it unfit for human consumption.

In the world of electronics, manufacturers remove all of the minerals, dissolved gas and dirt particles from water. The result is called ultrapure water, and they use it to clean tiny, sensitive equipment like semiconductors, which are found in computer microchips.

Water molecules have a slight negative charge, which means they’re good at dissolving or pulling other molecules apart. When water is in an ultrapure state, it’s a “super cleaner,” sucking out the tiniest specks of dirt and leaving your computer’s brain squeaky clean.

But if you were to drink ultra-pure water, it would literally drink you back. The moment it came through your lips, it would start leaching valuable minerals from your saliva.

“Your mouth wants potassium, magnesium and other minerals,” says Arthur von Wiesenberger, a professional water taster who’s been running water-tasting competitions for more than 20 years. “It can tell when it’s being stripped.”

Fortunately, pure water is rarely found in nature. Water is constantly moving and passing through rock and soil, picking up minerals and chemicals your body needs as it goes.

Pure Water vs Purified Water

As we’ve seen in the above paragraphs, pure water and purified water are two very different things. Purified water is water which has undergone numerous forms of mechanicals as well as physical filtration, as well as other processes to purify it to a safe point of consumption.

Pure water is used more in medical applications.

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Hydration in Sport Performance

Hydration in Sport Performance

Proper hydration is an important factor for sustaining a high level of athletic performance. Improper hydration can lead to disappointing results for even the most elite athletes. Though there are a number of factors (including weather, health conditions, metabolic rate, and type of sport) that can impact the hydration of athletes and negatively affect performance, we discuss strategies and recommendations for maintaining optimal fluid balance.

Hydration Regulation within the Body

The main component of blood is water, which delivers a number of substances including oxygen, nutrients, and hormones to the cells and removes waste from the cells. It is also a vital component to your body’s temperature regulating mechanism. Water, along with electrolyte components, controls the osmotic pressure in our body, essentially dictating the amount of intercellular and extracellular fluid.

Fluid levels are regulated by several hormones in our body. These hormones, known as ADH (antidiuretic hormone) and aldosterone, monitor the osmolality of the blood and volume of extracellular water. It’s ADH and aldosterone which stimulate kidney function, adjusting the volume of water and electrolytes either excreted or retained by your body.

Dehydration and the Body

Your body needs adequate water for all activities and cannot adapt to dehydration. Internally, you’re about 65% water. Without water, you can only survive a few days. Dehydration makes your blood thicker, increasing your heart rate and decreasing the amount of blood your heart can pump with one beat and causing your blood pressure to fall. Dehydration makes it harder for fat to get into your muscles to be used for fuel, so your muscles burn the limited sugars (glycogen) already there. Since your brain is about 85% water, even mild dehydration can bring on changes in your mood and a decline in your concentration and alertness.

From a sports perspective, losing as little as 2% of your body weight in fluids – for example, 1.4kilograms  (representing about 1.3 litres of water) in a 65kg marathoner – can cause measurable decreases in performance. Dehydration of more than 3% of your body weight is serious, increasing the possibility of heat exhaustion and heat stroke in warm and/or humid conditions. Since athletes can sweat out 6% to 10% of their body weight during competition, you can see the importance of rehydrating.

And thirst is not a reliable indicator of dehydration. If you wait to drink until you are thirsty and stop drinking when your thirst is satisfied, you’ll remain 25% to 50% dehydrated.

Fluid Replacement for Maintaining Fluid Balance

The goal of hydration before and during sport is to prevent excessive dehydration and changes in electrolyte balance, to ensure that athletic performance is not compromised.

  • Before an Event

To ensure your athletes go into an event hydrated, they should drink plenty of fluids the day before and morning of an event. It is recommended that 400 to 700 ml (≈2  to 3 cups) of electrolyte or carbohydrate –containing fluid should be ingested 60 to 90 minutes prior to sport. In an event lasting longer than one hour an additional 300 to 600 ml (≈1 to2cups) may be beneficial to the athlete (International Olympic Committee, 2010).

  • During an event

During exercise, appropriate fluid balance helps sustain athletic performance and replenish losses. The consumption of beverages including electrolytes and carbohydrates can provide benefits beyond pure water alone by helping to sustain electrolyte balance and endurance performance by replenishing glycogen stores.

Planning a hydration schedule helps people remember to continue to drink. A tip for athletes is to hydrate before dehydration levels occur, with recommended drinking rate of two to four ounces every fifteen minutes. Endurance athletes participating a training session or event lasting one hour or more are advised to use a combination of electrolytes and carbohydrates. Beverages containing 4 to 8% (4 to 8g / 100mL or approximately 16 grams per cup of fluid) of carbohydrate are advised in order to provide rapid delivery of fluid and fuel and minimize gastric intolerance (International Olympic Committee, 2010).

The type of carbohydrate recommended is a rapidly digested form of sugar, primarily glucose and fructose, avoiding maltodextrin, which can cause gastric distress to the athlete. The use of a commercial sports drink with electrolytes as well as sucrose or syrups containing no more than 50% glucose or fructose is recommended (American Dietetic Association, 2009).

  • After an event

After sport it is recommended to measure losses and replenish appropriately. This is an essential part of the recovery process and both water and electrolytes should be replenished. Losses will vary from person to person and a simple at-home assessment of fluid loss can be done to determine exact levels of rehydration that should be met.

A sweat test is an easy way to assess how much fluid should be replaced, and can be done by athletes at their gym or home. To perform a sweat test:

  • Measure body weight before and after a workout.
  • Sweat loss (ounces) is equal to body weight (pounds) before exercise minus body weight after exercise. 16 ounces (2 cups) of water should be consumed for every pound that has been lost.
  • Additionally electrolytes should be replenished. The athlete should consume a minimum of 500mg of sodium per liter of sweat lost.
  • To convert to a sweat rate per hour, the athlete can divide sweat loss by the exercise time in minutes and multiply by 60 (International Olympic Committee, 2010).

Hydration is fundamental to athletic performance and the correct electrolyte balance is needed for maximizing results. However, it is important to remember that because the rate of fluid loss is influence so many variables, rehydration is not one-size-fits-all formula, and therefore careful analysis of the individual’s losses is an integral first step in creating a hydration plan. As personal trainers, reminding your client of the importance of hydration will also help build best-practice hydration habits.


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