Why and How to Remove Fluoride from Water

Why and How to Remove Fluoride from Water

There has been a lot of talk recently about fluoride in water, and how it may have some serious health consequences if consumed excessively. This is rather concerning as fluoride is very present in our everyday lives without us even knowing it as fluoride is present in our water, toothpaste and even our food.

So let us investigate deeper into the effects of fluoride and how to remove it from our drinking water. 

The Effects of Fluoride

Firstly, fluoride is not a terrible nutrient that should be avoided at all costs.

Actually, fluoride has some positives such as the prevention of dental cavities. It does this as fluoride decreases demineralization, meaning it slows down the loss of minerals from tooth enamel. Moreover, fluoride also enhances remineralization, meaning it speeds up the repair process of your teeth and returns minerals back into the enamel. Lastly, fluoride also prevents bacterial activity which reduces acid production by interfering with the bacterial enzymes. 

Therefore, it can be said that fluoride proves to be beneficial for your teeth and bones due to mineralization making them harder and stronger. 

However, the problem occurs with excessive intake of fluoride which causes fluorosis. There are two types of fluorosis, namely, dental and skeletal fluorosis. 

Dental fluorosis is characterized by changes in the appearance of teeth. In mild cases, dental fluorosis can cause white spots on teeth, and in more severe cases it is known to cause brown stains and weakened teeth.

Skeletal fluorosis is a more severe case of fluorosis and is a bone disease that involves the collecting and accumulation of fluoride in the bones over the years. The first symptoms are stiffness and joint pain, while more advanced symptoms are more drastic being altered bone structure and the calcification of ligaments.

(Skeletal fluorosis is not a major concern in countries that use fluoride in water for cavity prevention as the fluoride levels in this water will be closely controlled. 

How to Remove Fluoride from Water

Water Filters:

There are 3 types of water filters that can be used to remove fluoride from water. 

  1. Reverse Osmosis Water Filter
  2. Deionizer Filters
  3. Activated Alumina Filters

Each of these filters can remove roughly 90% of the fluoride from your drinking water. 

Purified Water:

Purified water goes through a rigorous purification process that usually involves one or a combination of the water filters above. You can fund purified water in most bottled water, however, some bottled water brands contain high levels of fluoride. (You can check whether or not your bottled water contains fluoride by referring to the label.)

Distilled Water:

A Water Distillation Unit will remove most (if not all) fluoride from your drinking water. 

In essence,

as with most nutrients, the consumption of small amounts is safe and is actually beneficial to the body. However, an excessive intake of fluoride has been known to cause various health issues. In order to avoid consuming extra fluoride in your daily activities, a water filter, purified water, and/or a water distillation unit will assist in removing fluoride from your drinking water.